What are Varicose Veins?

When veins in your body become swollen, dilated, and overfilled with blood, a condition known as varicose veins can develop. Varicoses and varicosities are other names for varicose veins. Varicose veins are characterized by a bluish-purple or red tint, as well as an enlarged and elevated appearance. They frequently cause excruciating agony.

The illness is quite widespread, particularly among women. Varicose veins affect approximately one quarter of all adult patients. The lower legs are typically the first place to show signs of varicose veins.

what are varicose veins

The factors that lead to varicose veins

Varicose veins are a consequence of veins that do not perform as they should. Veins are equipped with one-way valves that prohibit blood from flowing in the other direction. When these valves get damaged or worn out, blood will start to pool in the veins instead of continuing to flow toward the heart. After that, the veins get bigger. Legs are frequently affected by varicose veins. Gravity makes it more difficult for the blood to move upward via the veins in that area since they are the furthest away from your heart.

Some probable reasons for varicose veins include:

  • pregnancy
  • menopause
  • age above 50
  • prolonged lengths of time spent standing up
  • obesity
  • having a history of varicose veins in your family

Varicose veins’ telltale signs and symptoms

The most prominent sign of varicose veins is the appearance of twisted and discolored veins, most frequently on the legs. You may also experience discomfort, swelling, heaviness, and achiness over or around the enlarged veins. These symptoms might be caused by varicose veins.

In rare instances, you could experience swelling as well as a change in color. Ulcers may develop, and considerable bleeding may occur from the veins in more severe instances.

Diagnosing varicose veins

In order to identify varicose veins, your physician will most likely inspect your legs and any veins that are visible while you are either sitting or standing. They may inquire about any discomfort or symptoms that you are experiencing from time to time.

Your physician may also choose to do an ultrasound on you in order to evaluate the circulation of your blood. This is a painless examination that makes use of sound waves operating at high frequencies. It gives your doctor the ability to observe the movement of blood via your veins.

A venogram may be performed on you in order to get a better look at your veins, however this will depend on the location. During this portion of the procedure, your physician will inject a specialized dye into each of your legs before taking X-ray images of the affected region. The dye makes an appearance on the X-rays, which provides your doctor with a clearer picture of the circulation of your blood.

Certain diagnostic procedures, such as ultrasounds and venograms, can assist determine whether or not another condition, such as a blood clot or a blockage, is the root cause of the discomfort and swelling you are experiencing in your legs.

Managing and avoiding the development of varicose veins

When treating varicose veins, medical professionals tend to take a cautious approach. Alterations to your way of life, rather than more strenuous therapies, are most likely what your doctor will recommend for you to do.

Lifestyle changes

Varicose veins can be prevented or their severity reduced by making some of the following lifestyle adjustments:

  • Standing for lengthy periods of time should be avoided.
  • You should either try to lose weight or keep it at a healthy level.
  • You may increase your circulation by working out.
  • Wear stockings or socks with a compression effect.
  • If you currently have varicose veins, you should take these precautions to avoid developing further ones in the future. Additionally, make sure that your legs are up if you are relaxing or sleeping.


It’s possible that your physician will recommend that you wear compression socks or stockings. These apply the appropriate amount of pressure on your legs, allowing blood to more readily go up to your heart. They are also effective in reducing edema.

Although the amount of compression varies from type to kind of compression stocking, you can get the majority of these stockings at pharmacies and medical supply stores.


If making adjustments to your lifestyle does not help, or if you have a great deal of discomfort as a result of your varicose veins, or if they are negatively impacting your overall health, your doctor may recommend that you undergo an invasive treatment.

Anesthesia will be necessary for the vein ligation and stripping procedure that will be performed. During the treatment, the surgeon will create incisions in your skin in order to remove the varicose vein. The vein will be chopped into smaller pieces and then removed via the incisions. Even though improved versions of vein-stripping operations have been created, these procedures are not as routinely performed as they once were due to the availability of more modern alternatives that are less invasive.

Various other possibilities for therapy

These are the following:

  • Sclerotherapy is the practice of blocking off bigger veins by the injection of a chemical solution or foam.
  • microsclerotherapy is an injectable treatment that utilizes a liquid substance to close up tiny veins.
  • surgery involving the use of light energy and lasers to close up a vein.
  • endovenous ablation treatment, which involves closing up a vein with the use of heat and radiofrequency waves
  • Endoscopic vein surgery involves making a tiny incision and inserting a lit, miniature scope into the vein in order to close it off.
  • Before deciding on a technique, you should always have a discussion with your physician about the many treatment choices available to you as well as the associated dangers. The approach that is advised for you can change depending on the symptoms you’re experiencing, as well as the size and location of the varicose vein.

Perspectives for those who suffer from varicose veins

Varicose veins generally develop worse over time. This is the case regardless of whether or not you make the required adjustments to your lifestyle in order to bring them under control and better manage your pain. In most cases, they do not result in any serious long-term health issues, despite the fact that they can be rather unattractive.

Varicose veins can, in certain situations, result in ulcers or sores on the legs, blood clots, or persistent inflammation. This can be quite painful. If you have a severe case, there is a risk that your veins will burst.

If you have any of these symptoms, it is important that you be checked out by a medical professional. After that, they could recommend adopting a more forceful approach, such as undergoing surgery or one of the other available procedures.

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