Varicose Veins: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that are often visible under the skin. They usually appear in the legs and feet, but can occur in other parts of the body. Varicose veins are a common condition, affecting up to 20 percent of adults in the United States.

Causes

Varicose veins occur when the valves in the veins become weak or damaged, causing the blood to pool in the veins. This can be caused by a number of factors, including genetics, pregnancy, obesity, and standing or sitting for long periods of time.

Symptoms

The most common symptom of varicose veins is swollen, twisted veins that are visible under the skin. Other symptoms include aching, burning, swelling, and itching around the veins.

Treatment

Treatment for varicose veins depends on the severity of the condition. If mild, lifestyle changes such as exercise, wearing compression stockings, and elevating the legs can help relieve symptoms. For more severe cases, minimally invasive treatments such as sclerotherapy or laser therapy may be recommended.

Conclusion

Varicose veins can be unsightly and uncomfortable, but they are relatively common and can be treated. If you are experiencing symptoms of varicose veins, contact your doctor for a diagnosis and treatment plan.

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